When people look back at the pre-smartphone era with their rose-tinted specs, Nokia tends to be the first name that jumps out at them.
We’ve already taken a look back at the Finnish mobile giant’s past accomplishments, but it’s not the only company that helped pave the way for the modern smartphones we’re all so addicted to today.
Motorola made more than its fair share of contributions to the mobile phone world, at times pioneering and innovating its way well ahead of the competition.
This is a tribute to those Moto phones of yesteryear that made waves for looking mental, pushing the boundaries or, in some cases, were just ahead of their time.
Motorola DynaTAC 8000x (1984)
The DynaTAC - or as we like to call it, the Zack Morris phone - launched with a whopping US$4000 price tag, which is the equivalent of around US$9265 today.
So why the expense? Well, it was essentially the world’s first truly portable mobile phone, having shed the weight of its bulky carphone ancestors.
Dubbed the brick phone, its antenna alone measured 20cm which, combined with its 8cm width and 784g weight, made pockets a definite no-go zone. Its 10 hour charge time and 30 minutes of talk time sound laughable today too, but there’s no questioning its role and importance in ushering the era of portable chatter boxes. A true tech icon in every sense of the word.
Motorola MicroTAC (1989)
The MicroTAC made headlines across the world when it landed five years after Moto’s original grey brick, mostly due to the fact that it was the smallest and lightest mobile phone in the world at that time.
The MicroTAC single-handedly inspired the later clamshell phone design, and could just about slip into regular pockets with relative ease. It also featured a red 8-character dot matrix display, along with a built-in phonebook. A veritable steal for US$2500.
Motorola StarTAC (1996)
This right here, is where Motorola really made its mark on the tech world.
At a ‘more affordable’ US$1000, the Star Trek communicator-like StarTAC was veritably microscopic compared to its predecessors, weighing just 88g, with an innovative clamshell design which inspired phone designs for years to come.
It even had the ability to vibrate, and later models could even send SMS messages. With 60 million StarTACs sold, it was the iPod of its generation.
Motorola V70 (2002)
Fast forward six years, and we’ve got a handset that was bonkers even by Nokia’s standards - the world’s first phone with a circular display - long before the very first Moto 360 smartwatch rocked up with its almost-circular screen.
The V70 was a phone bought for its design and design alone, with a sideways flick swinging the front cover around to reveal the keypad beneath. There weren't many in the wild, but it would go on to inspire a newer, luxury version in the Aura, six years later.
Motorola Razr (2004)
The two-screened RAZR V3 was a work of mobile art, with a staggeringly slim - for the time - 13.9mm body. Like the original StarTAC before it, the V3 was one of the most enduring handsets of its time, and embodied the very definition of gadget lust.
Sadly, for every wolf whistle it gained for its breathtaking looks, it provoked just as many groans due to its terrible interface. Still, its design alone has earned it a place in the history books.
Motorola Pebl (2005)
Named for obvious reasons, the all-metal Pebl was a joy to hold, and its magnetic spring mechanism resulted in a satisfying opening and closing action each and every time. Mmmmm, closing action.
In a way, its outer shell’s clock was a precursor to LG and Samsung’s modern always-on screen found in the likes of the LG G5 and Samsung Galaxy S7. Or at least that’s what a Motorola spin doctor would like to think.
Motorola Rokr E1 (2005)
In a way, the original Rokr was the very first iPhone. It was the first mobile phone to ever offer iTunes support - two years before the debut of the original iPhone.
You might remember it more for its high profile TV ad which saw Madonna and a bunch of other artists cram themselves into a phone booth.
While it seemed like a decent music phone on paper thanks to its iTunes support, its slow transfer times and 100 track limit held it back from being a smash hit. Still, out iPhone-ing the iPhone deserves recognition, don’t you think?
Motorola Rizr Z8 (2007)
The Rizr was Moto’s first ‘kick-slider’ handset. If that means nothing to you, then imagine a regular slider, with a hinge mechanism which angles the bottom segment upwards a bit, giving it more of a banana-like shape.
Okay, admittedly it’s hard to explain, but basically, slide it open, and it bends a bit, making it more comfortable for phone calls as it curves around the contour of your face more.
Yes, its 2MP camera sounds laughable by today's standards, but its 32GB of expandable memory wouldn't seem out of place on a modern spec sheet. Take that, iPhone.
Motorola Rokr E8 (2008)
Moto might have ditched iTunes support long before the E8 landed on shelves, but that doesn’t mean it wasn’t designed to live and breathe music.
A regular candybar handset at first glance, onlookers would look on in awe as its keypad transformed into music controls, right in front of their eyes.
Well, we say transformed - built-in LEDs which normally lit up the number keys would turn off, revealing music controls instead. Not exactly witchcraft then, but impressive and different nonetheless.
Motorola Aura (2008)
The Aura is to the V70 what Gyrados is to Magikarp - essentially an evolution in which the end product is exponentially better than the original.
While the circular screen and swivel design remained more or less the same, it's the build quality and materials used which made the Aura an incredibly desirable piece of pocketable art.
The screen itself had a ridiculously pixel-packed 300ppi count, and was slathered in 62-carat sapphire crystal, one of the toughest materials around, meaning that nothing short of a diamond could ruin its day.
The swivel mechanism too, was a remarkable feat of engineering, featuring 200 individual parts including 130 ball bearings and steel gears coated with tungsten carbon carbide - the same stuff used in high performance racing engines.
Sadly the rest of the Aura's specs left little to be desired, with a slow EDGE connection and 2MP camera letting down the tech side of things.
Still, with looks like that, we'd happily still rock the Aura today (if it didn't still cost upwards of £500 on eBay, that is).
Motorola ZN5 (2008)
In a techosphere of 8MP camera phones, the 5MP camera on the ZN5 sounded like it was lacking enough oomph to compete at the time, but its compact camera-like design, Xenon flash and Kodak software imaging smarts made the ZN5 stand out to the very first smartphone photography enthusiasts.
With a manual lens cover to protect it from scratches, and a protrusion for the lens itself (not unlike modern smartphones, albeit far bulkie), the ZN5 was ideal for pretending you were making calls on a camera - a niche role, we admit.
Motorola Atrix 4G (2011)
The Atrix was the first smartphone to land with a fingerprint scanner - though it was a million miles away from the snappy insta-scanners found in the likes of the modern iPhone 6s, Samsung Galaxy S7 and HTC 10.
Aside from nippy internals, Motorola also released the Lapdock, which was essentially a dock with a built-in screen and keyboard, in the guise of a laptop, which turned the Atrix into a pocketable PC. In theory anyway.
Sadly, while the idea was excellent, the technology just wasn't up to scratch. Ahead of its time, we're only now seeing more workable versions of the same idea, in the form of Microsoft's Continuum feature for handsets running Windows 10.
Moto Z (2016)
Fast forward to 2016, and the days of mad designs and phone experimentation are over. We're saturated with rectangular slabs, and it's all considerably more dull compared to the 'throw everything at a wall and see what sticks' era of the 90s and early noughties.
Still, that hasn't stopped Motorola from doing its best to stand out. Now under the umbrella of Lenovo, the latest handset to bear the Moto name is the Z - a ridiculously svelte 5.6mm handset that's so thin, it doesn't even have a headphone port - you need a special adaptor if you want to rock wired cans.
While its specs and screen are everything you'd expect to see in a 2016 flagship, it manages to stand out with its magnetically attachable rear modules, which can enhance it with speakers or a projector (yes, really), with promises of more modules to come.