The city best known for its traditional windmills is also one of the most futuristic cities in the world. Most of Amsterdam is below sea-level and built on reclaimed land, so for a millenium the Dutch have been managing their impending modern day Noah’s Ark disaster with an increasingly complex network of dams. Houses start almost 15-feet below the water and a failure of the dams would flood the whole city in 48 hours.
However, in order to keep up with the increasing population and possibly rising sea levels, they’ve embarked on a billion-dollar expansion project called Ijburg - which includes 150 floating houses. Accompanying these floating homes are another eight manmade islands - this time reclaimed all the way from the seafloor up to four feet above sea-level.
The community of floating houses is a test of concept for larger scale floating buildings, which include full apartment blocks and even skyscrapers. Along with this engineering marvel, Amsterdam is also home to the world’s first 3D-printed house experiment.
Best case for living: A city that defies the natural order of events and outwits rising sea levels looks set to be the last city standing when the world ends.